Area:3.324,92 sq. km Population:6,448.900 thousand habitants (April 2009). Administrative divisions: -10 urban districts: Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong. - 1 city: Son Tay - 18rural districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem, Gia Lam
(Hanoi); Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen,
Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai. Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa (former
Ha Tay province) and Me Linh (a former district of Vinh Phuc province). Ethnic groups:Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong, Tay, Dao... Hanoi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the center of culture, politics, economy and trade of the whole country.
is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam. It
is encompassed by Thai Nguyen to the north, Vinh Phuc and Ha Tay
provinces to the west and south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen
provinces to the east and south-east.
Hanoi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi:
interior). Hanoi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of
the Red River embracing Hanoi is approximately 40km long) and its
tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the
capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim
is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main seasons. During
the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there
is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather
is still cold but there is some light rain. The wet season, from May to
September, is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual
temperature is 23.20C (73.70F) and the average annual rainfall is 1,800mm. The average temperature in winter is 17.20C (62.90F), but can go down to 80C (46.40F). The average temperature in summer is 29.20C (84.60F), but can reach up to 390C (102.20F). History Hanoi is a sacred land of Vietnam. In the 3rd
century BC, Co Loa (actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen
as the capital of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King
Thuc). Hanoi later became the core of the resistance movements against
the Northern invasions. Located in the middle of the Red River Delta,
the town has gradually expanded to become a very populations and rich
residential center. At different periods, Hanoi had been selected as the
chief city of Vietnam under the Northern domination.In the autumn of
Canh Tuat lunar years (1010), Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly Dynasty,
decided to transfer the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La, and so he
rebaptized it Thang Long (Soaring Dragon). The year 1010 then became an
historical date for Hanoi and for the whole country in general. For
about a thousand years, the capital was called Thang Long, then changing
to Dong Do, Dong Kinh, and finally to Hanoi, in 1831. This sacred piece
of land thereafter continued to be the theatre of many fateful events.
the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars
and natural calamities, Hanoi still preserves many ancient
architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and
temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the
Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Hanoi Citadel, Hanoi Opera House,
President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...
also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem
Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city,
with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Hanoi
including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Hanoi
has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as
Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai
Transportation By road:
Hanoi is 93km from Ninh Binh, 102km from Haiphong, 153km from Thanh
Hoa, 151km from Halong, 474km from Dien Bien Phu, 658km from Hue, 763km
from Danang, and 1,710km from Ho Chi Minh City.
Noi Bai International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one
of the biggest airports of the country with various international and
domestic routes. There are domestic flights from Hanoi to Danang, Dien
Bien, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Nha Trang and international flights to many
countries in over the world.
Hanoi Railway Station is Vietnam's main railway station. It is the
starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in
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