Flower villages around Hanoi
The area of Tay Ho, Quang Ba, Ngoc Ha, Huu Tiep, Dai Yen were the
flower-growing land. Overtime, Hanoi has come into its times of
modernization and industrialization. The traditional surrounding flower
villages have been turning into "villages within the city".
Referring to the
traditional flower villages in Hanoi, people speak the most of Ngoc Ha.
It had become a flower village since the establishment of capital city.
This village has developed continuously by the experience of history and
time, and has always been considered as a big flower village supplying
fresh flowers for Thang Long - Hanoi City and its vicinity. In 1954,
there were in this village up to 500 households involved in planting
flowers. Every morning, from the early time, the Ngoc Ha flower market
was full of buyers and sellers, even coming from Vong Village (Dich Vong
- Cau Giay District) with their tuberoses. |
to the expansion of city and fast growth of population, the traditional
flower villages like Ngoc Ha, Huu Tiep... are getting limited, the
flowers-growing area remains only in small gardens between the
buildings. Meanwhile, many new flower villages around the capital have
been gradually set up and developing, such as Tay Tuu (Tu Liem
District), Vinh Tuy (Thanh Tri District), Dong Anh township and Phu
Thuong (Tay Ho District). The flower-growing area increases fast from
92ha in 1990 to over 500ha in 1999; specifically, increased by 22 times
in Tu Liem District, 1.5 times in Thanh Tri District and 33 times in
Dong Anh District. Among the rural districts, Tu Liem gets the highest
income from flower planting compared to the other places in Hanoi
(VND141 million per hectare in 1997).
Dam Village is the old
name of Tay Tuu Commune (Tu Liem District); it is located 15km from the
Hanoi center to the west. The village changed from rice cultivation into
flower production since 1994. Presently, the flower-growing area of Dam
Village comprises up to 100ha, accounting for 35 percent of its total
sown area; and there are more than 1,000 households of the village, i.e.
accounting for 40 percent of the total, are engaged in planting
flowers. The local flower planters remember that they faced not-small
difficulties when they started to change from rice into flowers,
especially in terms of seeds. Beside the varieties of seasonal flowers,
so familiar to the population of Hanoi like rose, yellow and white
chrysanthemums, peony, violet ... they have tried to import many kinds
of stranger flowers, such as queen, prince and princess chrysanthemums,
marigold, Dalat rose, French rose,...
If there are more varieties
of chrysanthemums in Dam Village, then there is a larger area devoted
to growing roses in Vinh Tuy. The Vinh Tuy Village has an area of 100 mau (1 mau = 3,600mï¿½) reserved for planting flowers, of which up to 55 mau
for roses. Roses are grown everywhere, in gardens and on fields. For
this purpose, each household has at least tens square meters or a whole
plot. In the recent time, the local rose planters have mainly worked
with varieties of Dalat roses; but now there are more than tens of new
varieties coming with tourists to Vietnam.
quality of flowers grown in villages around Hanoi is getting higher. A
short time ago, flowers sold in Hanoi shops were mainly provided from
Dalat and foreign countries; but now the shopkeepers also try to take
flowers right in Hanoi.
It is clear that the demand on fresh
flowers in Hanoi is more and more high. It is just the setting-up and
development of new flower villages surrounding the city that helps meet
partly this demand. However, the planters have to try to create new
varieties of nice and unique flowers along with the familiar varieties
like chrysanthemums and roses.