Ha Noi Vietnam Historical & Cultural Vestiges


Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of
Thang Long - Ha Noi

Location: It belongs to Dien Bien and Quan Thanh wards, Ba Dinh District, Ha Noi.
Characteristics: As the capital city of Vietnam under the Ly, Tran and Le dynasties, it houses a great deal of priceless cultural-historical relics of the ancient Thang Long imperial citadel. It was recognized as a world cultural heritage site by the UNESCO in August, 2010.    (Detail)


Co Loa Historical Site

Location: This relic of an ancient urban area and military citadel is located in Co Loa Village, Dong Anh District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Throughout history, Co Loa was nominated twice as the capital of Vietnam: the first time during the An Duong Vuong era in the late 3rd and early 2nd century BC, and the second time during the Ngo Vuong Quyen reign in the middle of the 10th century.
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Hanoi Cathedral

Location: Hanoi Cathedral is at 40 Nha Chung Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Hanoi Cathedral was built on the site of the former Bao Thien Tower, which was famous in the ancient capital of Thang Long under the Ly Dynasty (the 11th and 12th centuries).
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Hanoi Flag Tower

Location: Flag Tower is on Dien Bien Phu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi; near Ba Dinh Square.
Characteristic: Hanoi Flag Tower, also called Cot Co, is one of the rare architectural works in Hanoi that was fortunate enough to not be destroyed by the French administration between 1894 and 1897.
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History of Military Museum

Location: Military History Museum is located at No. 28A Dien Bien Phu Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: It was formerly the French expeditionary barracks and covers 10,000�m� divided into 30 showrooms. It was founded on December 22nd, 1958.
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Ho Chi Minh Museum

Location: Ho Chi Minh Museum is located at 3 Ngoc Ha Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi; near Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum.
Characteristic: The museum is a four-story building covering a total area of 100ha and designed in the shape of a lotus flower as a symbol of President Ho's noble character.
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Hoan Kiem Lake

Location: Hoan Kiem Lake is located in the center of Hanoi.
Characteristic: Hoan Kiem Lake also called Lake of the Restored Sword. The name Lake of the Restored Sword is derived from a legend.
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Kim Lien Pagoda

Location: Kim Lien Pagoda is located in Quang An Village, Tay Ho District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Kim Lien Pagoda was originally built on Nghi Tam Peninsula, on the bank of West Lake. The pagoda was part of the former Tu Hoa Palace of the Ly Dynasty.
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Ly Quoc Su Pagoda

Location: Ly Quoc Su Pagoda is at 50 Ly Quoc Su Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Ly Quoc Su Pagoda worships a Buddhist Monk of the Ly Dynasty (the 10th - 12th centuries). This Monk, whose full name was Nguyen Chi Thanh, was born on 1066 in Dien Xa Village, Gia Vien District in Ninh Binh Province in the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong.
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Ngoc Son Temple

Location:  Ngoc Son Temple is on Hoan Kiem Lake, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Hoan Kiem Lake was already considered the most beautiful lake in Hanoi when Ngoc Son Temple was built on an island in the 19th century. Initially, the temple was called Ngoc Son Pagoda and was later renamed Ngoc Son Temple, since temples are dedicated to saints.
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One-Pillar Pagoda

Location: One-Pillar Pagoda is on Chua Mot Cot Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: The One-Pillar Pagoda is a cultural and historic relic, one of the attractive tourist spots in Hanoi with its unique architectural features.
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Pavilion of the constellation of Literature

Location: Pavilion of the Constellation of Literature is in Temple Literature on Van Mieu Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Khue Van Cac, or Pavilion of the Constellation of Literature, was built under the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945).
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President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum

Location: In Ba Dinh Square, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: The construction of the Mausoleum started in September 1973, on the foundations of the old rostrum in Ba Dinh Square where president Ho Chi Minh used to chair national meetings. Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum was completed nearly two years later on August 29, 1975.
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President Ho Chi Minh's Residence

Location:  In Ba Dinh District, Hanoi
Characteristic: Located in a large garden at the back of the Presidential Palace is a nice road covered with pebbles and bordered with mango trees that lead to a stilt house, Uncle Ho's residence and office from May 1958 until his death. The perfume of jasmine flowers and roses is omnipresent.
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Quan Su Pagoda

Location: Quan Su Pagoda (or the Ambassadors' Pagoda) is at 73 Quan Su Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Formerly,it was a small Buddhist Pagoda, which had been constructed during the Le Dynasty in the 15th century to receive foreign envoys and ambassadors.
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Revolution Museum

Location: Revolution Museum is situated at 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: It established in August 1959, It has been designed into 29 showrooms, containing more than thousands of historical exhibits.
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Statue of King Ly Thai To

Location:The statue of King Ly Thai To is located in Ly Thai To Garden, Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi
Characteristic: This is a cultural and architectural work which aims to honour King Ly Thai To (974 – 1028). He is the first king who found Capital Citadel of Thang Long (Hanoi today).
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Temple of Literature (Van Mieu)

Location: Temple of Literature is located on Van Mieu Street, 2km west of Hoan Kiem Lake.
Characteristic: Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is a famous historical and cultural relic consisting of the Temple of Literature and Vietnam's first university. The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 in honour of Confucius, his followers and Chu Van An, a moral figure in Vietnamese education.
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Tran Quoc Pagoda

Location: Tran Quoc Pagoda is located on an islet of West Lake in Hanoi.
Characteristic: Tran Quoc Pagoda is one of the oldest pagodas in Vietnam and a cultural symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism.
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Vietnam Fine-Arts Museum

Location: Vietnam Fine-Arts Museumis located at 66 Nguyen Thai Hoc Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: Vietnam Fine-Arts Museum is a lively historical treasure depicting the origins and evolution of Vietnamese fine arts.
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Vietnam History Museum

Location: Vietnam History Museum is located at No. 1 Trang Tien Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi; behind the Hanoi Opera House.
Characteristic: Vietnam History Museum was founded in September 1958 and it contains a great deal of valuable objects, which reflect all the periods of Vietnamese history.
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Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Location: Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is located on Nguyen Van Huyen Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: It contains more than 10,000 objects, 15,000 black and white photos and hundreds of video tapes and cassettes which depict all aspects of life, activities, customs, and habits of the 54 ethnic groups of Vietnam.
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Vietnam Women�s Museum

Location: Vietnam Women�s Museum is located in the centre of Hanoi on Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Characteristic: The Vietnam Women�s Museum covers a 4,500m� area planted with beautiful trees. It was open on the 20th October 1995 on the 65th anniversary of the Vietnamese Women�s Association�s establishment.
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Voi Phuc Temple

Location: Voi Phuc Temple is located inside the precinct of Thu Le Zoological Garden, belonging to Ngoc Khanh Ward, Ba Dinh District, Ha Noi.
Characteristics: The temple worships Linh Lang who is known as one of four Guardian Gods - Thang Long Tay Tran (Thang Long Citadel's Western Guardian God).    (Detail)

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