Royal dance in Viet Nam had a development process during many dynasties, from Dinh Dynasty in the 10th century to the Nguyen Dynasty in the early 20th century. It originated to serve royalty, and it was performed at different types ofceremonies.The Vietnamese royal dance has been fixed the form clearly in the Viet and Cham people community.
2,500 years ago, pictures of dancers were engraved on the Dong Son
drums. These engravings reveal two dance styles, one with accessories
and one without accessories. The main dance accessory was a hat
ornamented with a bird feather; it appears that the ancient Vietnamese
dance may sound similar to the also-mentioned religious belief category
of dance, but is more structured to the three main organized religions
of Buddhism, Catholicism and Brahmanism.
November 7, 2003, UNESCO bestowed world heritage status on 28 relics of
nations as masterpieces of oral and intangible heritage of humanity.
Among the 11 masterpieces of Asia, nha nhac (royal music) represents the
first intangible legacy of Vietnam to have been put on this list.
people now enjoy new music that comes to them from the radio,
television, audio and video tapes, as well as compact discs. So, do they
still show any attachment to the old folk tunes so loved by their
elders, such as the melodies of ca tru? Ca tru is a musical genre
that calls for expertise as well as sensibility on the part of the
listeners. In return, it provides the most refined enjoyment.
The birth place of quan ho folk
songs is Bac Ninh Province. During village festivals, which are held
every year, particularly in spring, young men and women gather in the
yard of a communal house or pagoda, on a hill or in a rowing boat, and
sing quan ho. This is a style of singing where songs alternate from group to group.
water puppetry has a long history. An inscription on a stone stele in
Doi Pagoda, Duy Tien District, Nam Ha Province, relates a water puppet
show staged in the year 1121 to mark a birthday of King Ly Nhan Tong in
Cai luong is a kind of folk music that developed
in the early 20th century. It was first played by amateurs in the south. Thanks
to their soft voices, southerners sing cai luong very
Hat van or hat chau van,
a traditional folk art which combines singing and dancing, is a
religious form of art used for extolling the merits of beneficent
deities or deified national heroes. Its music and poetry are mingled
with a variety of rhythms, pauses, tempos, stresses and pitches.
song is the religious music of the Tay, Nung minorities. This type of
song can be considered a religious performance of Long Poems which
depict a journey to the heavens to ask the Jade Emperor to settle
trouble for the head of the household.
are musical instruments made of alloy bronze, sometimes with gold,
silver, or black bronze added to their composition. In the Kinh
language, the word cong identifies convex gongs and the word chieng refers to the flat ones. Gongs vary in size from 20 to 120cm in diameter.
lithophone is a set of stone slabs of different sizes and shapes
fabricated through an elementary technique. These stones are available
in the mountainous areas south of Central Vietnam and east of South
T'rung is one
of the popular musical instruments closely associated with the
spiritual life of the Ba Na, Xo Dang, Gia Rai, E De and other ethnic
minority people in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
to ancient carvings, the moon-shaped lute appeared in Vietnam in the
11th century. Intended to be played by men, the lute has maintained a
very important position in the musical traditions of the Kinh.
Therefore, this instrument is widely used in their folk, court, and
Dan nhi is a simple instrument that can achieve miracles. A folksong of the north, a lullaby of the centre, or a cailuong aria of the south will lose much of its charm if not accompanied by the dannhi, a traditional instrument capable of a great variety of expression.
term, popular among the Ba Na and the E De, is used to name the
single-stringed fiddle played by some ethnic groups in the Truong
Son-Tay Nguyen region (Ba Na, Gia Rai, E De, Xo Dang, Pako, and Hre,
Dan bau is a musical instrument that touches the heart. The music of dan bau (one-stringed zither) should be solely for the pleasure of its player. Don't listen to it if you are a young woman.
song is one kind of song that was created by the Vietnamese a long time
ago, and which is considered a very special performance. People used to
walk in a group of two to three or four to five and sing, mainly in
residential areas such as a parking lot, a ferry-landing, or a market
This three-stringed lute is used by several ethnic groups in Vietnam. The Viet call it dan tam, whereas the Ha Nhi calls it ta in. This instrument exists in three sizes: large, medium, and small. The small is the most popular.
The khen is a musical instrument used by the Mong ethnic minority, who call it the kenh, while the Viet gave it the name Mong Khen (previously Meo Khen). TheE De ethnic minority in the Central Highlands use a similar instrument called Ding Nam.
This musical instrument was intended for women. The name klong put
of Xo Dang origin has become the common name of this woodwind musical
instruments depicted to the right. It is played by ethnic groups in Tay
Nguyen, such as the Xo Dang, Ba Na, Gia Rai, Hre, etc.
is usually used to designate a vertical bamboo flute pierced with
finger holes. However, this term is often used by ethnic minorities to
describe several woodwind instruments that are quite different in
structure (single or double flutes, with or without a reed, with or
without finger-holes, etc.) and in how to hold them.