T'rung is one
of the popular musical instruments closely associated with the
spiritual life of the Ba Na, Xo Dang, Gia Rai, E De and other ethnic
minority people in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
is made of very short bamboo tubes differing in size, with a notch at
one end and a beveled edge at the other. The long big tubes give off
low-pitched tones while the short small ones produce high-pitched tones.
The tubes are arranged lengthwise horizontally and attached together by
two strings. |
There are three types of T'rung: high,
medium and low tones. The simplest type is composed of five tubes
corresponding to La, Do 1, Re 1, Fa 1, Sol 1 and producing deep and
resounding tones. In the majestic Central Highlands, T'rung
is often played after back-breaking farm work and during evening get
get-togethers in the communal house around a bonfire with young boys and
girls singing and dancing merrily. The sounds of the gong and T'rung also mingle together at wedding parties and village festivals.
The T'rung instrument
has been largely improved. More tubes have been added, and at times as
many as 48 tubes are arranged in three arrays capable of performing
intricate piece of modern music while preserving the traditional sound
scale Some players have even invented a stick notched at both ends for a
single hand to produce two sounds at the same time, heightening the
artistry of the instrument.
Vietnam's national music bands have never neglected the role of T'rung, an
instrument which is original and made of simple materials, but highly
appreciated at performances in the famous musical halls of many foreign