Vietnam People


Nationalities

At present there are 54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam, in which Kinh (Viet) people make up nearly 90% of the whole population, and 53 other ethnic groups represent over 10%.    (Detail)


Ba Na ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ba Na (To Lo, Krem, Con Kde, Ala Cong, Krang).
Population: 174,456 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Kon Tum Province and the western parts of Binh Dinh and Phu Yen Provinces.
  
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Bo Y ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Bo Y (Chung Cha, Trong Gia, Tu Di, Tu Din and Pu Na).
Population: 1,864 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Ha Giang and Tuyen Quang provinces.
  
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Brau ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Brau (Brao).
Population: 313 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Dak Me Village, Bo Y Commune, Ngoc Hoi District, Kon Tum Province.
  
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Bru - Van Kieu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Bru-Van Kieu (Tri, Khua, and Ma-Coong).
Population: 55,559 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The mountain regions of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue provinces.
  
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Cham ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Cham (Cham, Chiem Thanh, and Hroi).
Population: 132,873 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated populations live in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces. The Cham also live in An Giang, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai provinces, and Ho Chi Minh City.
  
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Cho Ro ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Cho Ro (Do Ro, Chau Ro).
Population: 22,567 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Dong Nai, Binh Thuan, Binh Phuoc and Binh Duong provinces.
  
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Chu Ru ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Chu Ru (Cho Ru and Ru).
Population: 14,978 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Don Duong District in Lam Dong Province and Binh Thuan Province.
  
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Chut ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Chut (Ruc, Sach, Arem, May, Ma Lieng, Tu Vang, Pa Leng, Xe Lang, To Hung, Cha Cu, Tac Cuc, Ymo, and Xa La Vang).
Population: 3,829 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Minh Hoa and Tuyen Hoa districts of Quang Binh Province.
  
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Co ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co (Cor, Col, Cua and Trau).
Population: 27,766 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Bac Tra My and Nam Tra My districts of Quang Nam Province; Tra Bong District of Quang Ngai Province.
  
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Cong ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Cong (Xam Khong, Mang Nhe, and Xa Xeng).
Population: 1,676 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Muong Te District in Lai Chau province and along the Da River.
  
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Co Ho ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co Ho (Xre, Nop, Co lon, Chil, Lat and Tring).
Population: 128,723 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Di Linh Plateau of Lam Dong Province.
  
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Co Lao ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co Lao (Ke Lao).
Population: 1,865 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Dong Van and Hoang Su Phi districts in Ha Giang Province.
  
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Co Tu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co Tu (Gao, Ha, Phuong, and Ca Tang).
Population: 50,458 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Tay Giang, Dong Giang and Nam Giang districts in Quang Nam Province; A Luoi and Phu Loc districts in Thua Thien-Hue Province.
  
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Dao ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Dao ("Dao Quan Trang" (Dao with white trousers), "Dao Quan Chet" (Dao with tight trousers), "Dao Tien" (Dao with coins), "Dao Thanh Y" (Dao with blue dress), "Dao Do" (Red Dao), Man, Dong, Trai, Xa, Diu Mien, Lim Mien, Lu Giang, Lan Ten, Dai Ban, Tieu Ban, Col Ngang, Col Mua and Son Dau).
Population: 620,538 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Dao live along the Sino-Vietnamese and Vietnamese-Lao borders and in some midland provinces and provinces along the coastline of northern Vietnam.
  
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E De ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: E De (Rade, De, Kpa Adham, Krung, Ktul, Dlie Rue, Bio, Epan, Mdhur and Bich).
Population: 270,348 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in Dak Lak Province, southern Gia Lai Province, and western parts of Khanh Hoa and Phu Yen provinces.
  
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Giay ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Giay (Nhang, Dang, Pau Thin, Pu Na, Cui Chu and Xa).
Population: 49,098 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in Bat Xat, Bao Thang and Muong Khuong districts (Lao Cai Province); Yen Minh and Dong Van districts (Ha Giang Province); Phong Tho and Muong Te districts (Lai Chau Province); and Cao Bang Province.
  
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Gia Rai ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Gia Rai (Gio Rai, To Buan, Hobau, Hdrung and Chor).
Population: 317,557 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in Gia Lai Province, parts of Kon Tum Province and northern Dak Lak Province.
  
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Gie Trieng ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Gie Trieng (Dgich, Tareh, Giang Ray, Pin, Trieng, Treng Ta Lieng, Ve, La Ve, and Bnoong).
Population: 30,243 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Kon Tum Province and the mountainous areas of Quang Ninh Province.
  
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Ha Nhi ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ha Nhi (U Ni and Xa U Ni).
Population: 17,535 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lai Chau and Lao Cai provinces.
  
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Hoa ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Hoa (Han).
Population: 862,371 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Hoa live in all parts of Vietnam from north to south, in both urban centres and rural regions.
  
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Hre ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Hre (Cham Re, Chom Kre and Luy).
Population: 113,111 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The western parts of Quang Ngai and Binh Dinh provinces.
  
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Khang ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Khang (Xa Khao, Xa Xua, Xa Don, Xa Dang, Xa Hoc, Xa Ai, Xa Bung, and Quang Lam).
Population: 10,272 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Son La and Lai Chau provinces.
  
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Khmer ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Khmer (The Viet is of Mien origin and Khmer Krom).
Population: 1,055,174 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Soc Trang, Tra Vinh, Can Tho, Kien Giang and An Giang provinces.
  
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Kho Mu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Kho Mu (Xa Cau, Mun Xen, Pu Thenh, Tenh, and Tay Hay).
Population: 56,542 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Nghe An, Lai Chau, Son La, Thanh Hoa, and Yen Bai provinces.
  
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Viet (Kinh) ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Kinh (Viet).
Population: About 65.8 million people (Year 1999).
Locality: These people live in all provinces but are densely clustered in the delta areas and urban centres.
  
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La chi ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: La Chi (Cu Te and La Qua).
Population: 10,765 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Xin Man District in Ha Giang Province, and Muong Khuong and Bac Ha districts in Lao Cai Province.
  
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La Ha ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: La Ha (Phlao, Xa Khan and Khla).
Population: 5,686 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Son La and Lao Cai provinces.
  
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La Hu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: La Hu (Xa La Vang, Co Rung, Khu Sung, and Kha Quy).
Population: 6,874 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Muong Te District of Lai Chau Province.
  
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Lao ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Lao (Lao Boc and Lao Noi).
Population: 11,611 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in Dien Bien City (Dien Bien Province); Phong Tho and Than Uyen districts (Lai Chau Province); Song Ma District (Son La Province).
  
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Lo Lo ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Lo Lo (Mun Di, Lo Lo Hoa and Lo Lo Den).
Population: 3,307 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Dong Van and Meo Vac districts of Ha Giang Province, Bao Lac District of Cao Bang Province and Muong Khuong District of Lao Cai Province.
  
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Lu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Lu (Nhuon and Duon).
Population: 4,964 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Phong Tho and Sin Ho Districts of Lai Chau Province.
  
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Ma ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ma (Chau Ma, Ma Xop, Ma To, Ma Krung, and Ma Ngan).
Population: 33,338 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lam Dong Province.
  
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Mang ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Mang (Mang U and Xa La Vang).
Population: 2,663 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Sin Ho, Muong Te, Phong Tho districts of Lai Chau Province; and Muong Cha District of Dien Bien Province.
  
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Mong (H'Mong) ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Mong (H'Mong): (Mong Do, White Mong, Mong Lenh (Variety Mong), Mong Si (Red Mong), Mong Du (Black Mong) and Mong Sua (Man Mong).
Population: 787,604 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Mong are concentrated in Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Lai Chau, Son La, Cao Bang and Nghe An provinces.
  
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M'Nong ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: M'Nong (Bru Dang, Preh, Ger, Nong, Prang, PJam, Kuyenh, Chil Bu Nor, and M'Nong Bu Dang).
Population: 92,451 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in the southern parts of Dak Lak and Dak Nong provinces, and parts of Lam Dong and Binh Phuoc provinces.
  
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Muong ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Muong (Moi, Mual, Moi, Moi Bi, Au Ta and Ao Ta).
Population: More than 1,137,515 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The largest population is concentrated in Hoa Binh Province and the mountainous districts of Thanh Hoa Province.
  
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Ngai ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ngai (Ngai Hac Ca, Lau Man, He, Sin, Dan, and Le).
Population: 4,841 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Quang Ninh, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh Lang Son, Cao Bang, Bac Kan and Thai Nguyen provinces.
  
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Nung ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Nung (Xuong, Giang, Nung An, Nung Coi, Phan Sinh, Nung Chao, Nung Inh, Qui Rin, Nung Din, and Khen Lai).
Population: 856,412 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lang Son, Cao Bang, Bac Thai, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Tuyen Quang provinces.
  
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O du ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: O Du (Tay Hat).
Population: 301 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The O Du live in the villages of Kim Hoa and Xop Pot in Kim Da Commune, and the rest live in nearby villages in Tuong Duong District, Nghe An Province.
  
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Pa Then ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Pa Then (Pa Hung and Tong).
Population: 5,569 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in communes of Ha Giang and Tuyen Quang provinces.
  
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Phu La ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Phu La (Xa Pho, Bo Kho Pa, Mu Di Pa, Pho, Va Xo and La Dun Dang).
Population: 9,046 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lai Chau, Son La, Lao Cai, and Ha Giang provinces. The largest settlements are in Lao Cai Province.
  
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Pu Peo ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Pu Peo (Ka Beo, Penti, and Lo Lo).
Population: 705 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated along the Sino-Vietnamese border in Dong Van, Yen Minh, and Meo Vac districts of Ha Giang Province.
  
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Ra Glai ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ra Glai (Ra Glay, Krai, Orang Glai, No-Ana, and La Vang).
Population: 96,931 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Mainly in the southern regions of Khanh Hoa and Ninh Thuan provinces.
  
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Ro mam ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ro Mam.
Population: 301 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Ro Mam live in Le Village, Mo Rai Commune, Sa Thay District of Kon Tum Province.
  
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San Chay ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: San Chay (Cao Lan, San Chi, Man Cao Lan, and Hon Ban).
Population: 147,315 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in Tuyen Quang, Thai Nguyen, and Bac Giang provinces. Communities of San Chay are also found scattered in Quang Ninh, Yen Bai, Lang Son, and Vinh Phuc provinces.
  
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San Diu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: San Diu (San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat, and "Man Quan Coc" (Man in Shorts)).
Population: 126,237 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The San Diu live in the midlands of Quang Ninh, Hai Duong, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Vinh Phu, Thai Nguyen, and Tuyen Quang provinces.
  
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Si La ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Si La (Cu De Xu, Kha Pe).
Population: 840 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lai Chau Province.
  
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Tay ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Tay (Tho, Ngan, Phen, Thu Lao, and Pa Di).
Population: 1,477,514 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Tay lives along the valleys and the lower slopes of the mountains in Cao Bang, Lang Son, Bac Kan, and Quang Ninh provinces, and in some regions of Bac Giang and Bac Ninh provinces.
  
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Ta Oi ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ta Oi (Toi Oi, Pa Co, Ba Hy, and Ba Ghy).
Population: 34,960 people (Year 1999).
Locality: A Luoi District of Thua Thien-Hue Province and Huong Hoa District of Quang Tri Province.
  
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Thai ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Thai (Tay, Tay Dam, Tay Khao, Tay Muoi, Tay Thanh, Hang Tong, and Pu Thay).
Population: 1,328,725 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lai Chau, Dien Bien, Son La, Hoa Binh, and Nghe An provinces.
  
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Tho ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Tho (Keo, Mon, Cuoi, Ho, Tay Poong, Dan Lai, and Ly Ha).
Population: 68,394 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Tho live in the western parts of Nghe An Province.
  
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Xinh - mun ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Xinh Mun (Puoc, and Pua).
Population: 18,018 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Son La and Lai Chau provinces and along the Vietnamese-Lao border regions.
  
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Xo dang ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Xo Dang (Xe Dang, Ca Dong, To Dra, Ha Lang, Mo Nam, Ta Tri, Ka Rang, Bri La Teng, and Con Lan).
Population: 127,148 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Xo Dang are concentrated in Kon Tum Province and scattered in the mountainous areas of Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces.
  
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Xtieng ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Xtieng (Xa Dieng).
Population: 66,788 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Xtieng live in four northern districts of Binh Phuoc Province and in Dong Nai and Tay Ninh provinces.
  
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