Name of ethnic group: Cham (Cham, Chiem Thanh, and Hroi). Population: 132,873 people (Year 1999). Locality:
Concentrated populations live in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces.
The Cham also live in An Giang, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai provinces, and Ho Chi
Customs and habits The
Cham follow Islam and Brahmanism. Brahmanism's doctrines draw about
three-fifths of the Cham population in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan
Provinces. Matriarchy still exists in Cham society as daughters carry
the family name of their mothers. A woman's family marries the groom for
their daughter. After marriage, the groom comes to live with his wife's
household. The right of inheritance is reserved for daughters only. The
youngest daughter, however, must care for her aging parents.
Cham language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian Group. These people
enjoy singing and dancing. Cham dances are well-known through the
main economic activity of the Cham is rice farming in submerged fields.
Pottery making and cotton cloth weaving are two other sideline