Dao ethnic group
Name of ethnic group: Dao
("Dao Quan Trang" (Dao with white trousers), "Dao Quan Chet" (Dao with
tight trousers), "Dao Tien" (Dao with coins), "Dao Thanh Y" (Dao with
blue dress), "Dao Do" (Red Dao), Man, Dong, Trai, Xa, Diu Mien, Lim
Mien, Lu Giang, Lan Ten, Dai Ban, Tieu Ban, Col Ngang, Col Mua and Son
Population: 620,538 people (Year 1999).
The Dao live along the Sino-Vietnamese and Vietnamese-Lao borders and
in some midland provinces and provinces along the coastline of northern
Customs and habits|
Dao worship their ancestors called Ban Ho. Two forms of matrilocals
exist, a temporary matrilocal and permanent matrilocal. Their funerals
reflect many ancient customs. In some regions, dead people from 12 years
old and older are cremated. The houses are built either on stilts,
level with the ground, or half on stilts and half on beaten earth.
language belongs to the Mong-Dao Group. The Dao have long used Chinese
writings (but pronounced in the Dao way) called Nom Dao (Dao Demotic
attire of the Dao men consists of trousers and short vests. Women's
attire is more diversified and is often decorated with many traditional
Dao mainly live off of rice cultivation and by growing subsidiary
crops. Sideline occupations include weaving, carpentering,
blacksmithing, papermaking and vegetable oil production.