E De ethnic group
Name of ethnic group: E De (Rade, De, Kpa Adham, Krung, Ktul, Dlie Rue, Bio, Epan, Mdhur and Bich).
Population: 270,348 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in Dak Lak Province, southern Gia Lai Province, and western parts of Khanh Hoa and Phu Yen provinces.
Customs and habits|
E De live in houses built on stilts. These houses are generally
elongated. The interior of the house is divided into two parts. The main
part, called the Gah, is reserved for receiving guests. The rest of the
house (called the Ok) is divided into compartments for a kitchen and
for living quarters. At each side of the house there is a floor yard.
The yard lying in front of the entrance is called the guest yard.
Matriarchy prevails in E De society. Women are the heads of their
families. The children take the family name of the mother. The right of
inheritance is reserved only for daughters. The husband comes to live at
his wife's house after marriage. If the wife dies and nobody among the
wife's relatives replaces her position, the man then returns to his home
and lives with his sisters. The E De practice a polytheistic religion.
De language belongs to the Malay-Polynesian Group. The E De have a rich
and unique treasury of oral literature including myths, legends,
lyrical songs, proverbs, and particularly well-known khan (epics). Their
musical instruments are comprised of gongs, drums, flutes, pan pipes
and string instruments. The Ding Nam is a very popular musical
instrument of the E De which is much liked by many people.
wear a skirt and vest with colourful motifs. Men simply wear
loincloths. The E De like to wear copper, silver, and beaded ornaments.
E De practice slash-and-burn agriculture and cultivate rice in
submerged fields. Besides cultivating, the E De also practice animal
husbandry, hunting, gathering, fishing, basketry, and weaving.