San Diu ethnic group
Name of ethnic group: San Diu (San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat, and "Man Quan Coc" (Man in Shorts)).
Population: 126,237 people (Year 1999).
The San Diu live in the midlands of Quang Ninh, Hai Duong, Bac Giang,
Bac Ninh, Vinh Phu, Thai Nguyen, and Tuyen Quang provinces.
Customs and habits|
San Diu house is built level with the ground. The roof is usually
covered with thatch or tile, the walls are built of bricks, and the
houses are clustered closely together in each village. The husband
(father) is the head of the family. The children take the family name of
the father and only sons have the right of inheritance. The parents
also decide when their children should marry. The funeral ceremony of
the San Diu has many rites. The San Diu worship their ancestors and the
God of the Kitchen. They hold many annual ceremonies usually before crop
planting, after crop planting, after the new rice matures, and when
they need to pray for rain.
San Diu language belongs to the Han Group. The San Diu sing alternating
songs (soong co) during cultural activities and at festivals. They have
many musical instruments such as horns, clarinets, drums, flutes,
cymbals, and castanets. They also like to play many games such as
walking on sticks, a game involving sticks, badminton in the San Diu
way, and tug-of-war.
The San Diu have gradually adopted the Kinh style of dress.
San Diu engage in rice farming practices through submerging their
fields, animal and forest exploitation, fishing, fish breeding, tile and
brick making, blacksmithing, and basketry. The San Diu also manufacture
the no-wheel "quet" cart drawn by a buffalo to transport goods.