Ta Oi ethnic group
Name of ethnic group: Ta Oi (Toi Oi, Pa Co, Ba Hy, and Ba Ghy).
Population: 34,960 people (Year 1999).
Locality: A Luoi District of Thua Thien-Hue Province and Huong Hoa District of Quang Tri Province.
Customs and habits|
communal house of the Ta Oi is called the Rong. It is built at the
centre of the village and is a fairly elongated house. The children take
the family name of the father and only sons have the right to inherit
the family estate. The head of a lineage plays an important role in
village affairs. Young Ta Oi men and women are free to choose their
partners. They believe in animism and organize many ceremonies for
Giang. Several years after the burial of a deceased person, the dead's
lineage organizes a ceremony to exhume the dead's remains and build a
funeral house with sophisticated decoration and statues around the fence
of the funeral house.
Ta Oi language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group and is close to the
Bru-Van Kieu and Co Tu languages. The Ta Oi have managed to preserve
many of their proverbs, folk songs, puzzles, and stories. Popular folk
songs include Ka loi, Ba boih, Ro in, and especially the romantic Cha
Chap song. Gongs, string zithers, flutes, trumpets, drums, and pan-pipes
are popular musical instruments of the Ta Oi.
wear shirts and skirts, but the skirt is usually knotted up to cover
their chests. Men wear loincloths and short vests, or leave their upper
torsos naked. Ornaments made from copper, silver, glass beads, and ivory
are also popular.
Ta Oi practice a slash-and-burn method of cultivation and grow wet rice
through this process. They are also good at horticulture and fish
rearing in artificial ponds.