Viet (Kinh) ethnic group
Name of ethnic group: Kinh (Viet).
Population: About 65.8 million people (Year 1999).
Locality: These people live in all provinces but are densely clustered in the delta areas and urban centres.
Customs and habits|
Kinh ancient villages are usually surrounded by bamboo groves. The
communal house is a place for meeting and conducting common ritual
ceremonies. The Kinh also live in mud houses. They enjoy the habits of
chewing betel, smoking water pipes and cigarettes, drinking tea, and
eating ordinary rice.
The husband is considered the head of the
family. Children take the family name of their father. The eldest son is
responsible for the worship of dead parents and grandparents. Each
family lineage has a temple for their forefathers and the head of the
family lineage handles all common affairs.
Monogamy is observed
during marriage. The family of the man approves the marriage and
organizes the wedding for him. After the wedding party, the bride goes
to live with her husband's family. The Kinh attach much importance to
fidelity and the virtues of the bride.
They worship their ancestors and also practice Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism or Christianity to various extents.
Kinh have a rich collection of literature which includes old tales,
folk ballads, and proverbs. The written literature takes many forms such
as poems, writings, books, and edicts. Song, music, sculpture,
painting, dance and performance are also well developed and popular.
traditional attire of the Kinh in the north is a brown pajama set for
men. A four paneled robe, bra, and trousers for women, also in brown,
are usually worn. In the southern delta plains, both men and women wear
black pajamas. At present, the Kinh's costumes resemble western
cultivation in submerged fields is the main economic activity of the
Kinh. They also erect dykes and dig canals which help in the growing of
wet rice, gardening, and sericulture. They also raise cattle and
poultry. Pottery production has been very developed for a long time.