Xinh - mun ethnic group
Name of ethnic group: Xinh Mun (Puoc, and Pua).
Population: 18,018 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Son La and Lai Chau provinces and along the Vietnamese-Lao border regions.
Customs and habits|
Mun houses are built on stilts, have vaulted roofs shaped like a
tortoise shell and stairways at both ends of the house. The children
take the family name of the father. After the death of the father, the
eldest brother is elevated to an important position.
marriage customs, the family of the groom must give money to the
bride's family. After the proposal, engagement, and wedding, the husband
goes and lives with his wife's family. A few years later, when the
married couple has a few children, the wife is then welcomed to her
husband's house. The couple must change their name and take another name
given by the mother-in-law's younger brother. It is the habit of the
Xinh Mun to chew betel nut, dye their teeth black, and drink alcohol.
the production of rice, people hold many ceremonies and maintain many
taboos. The villagers annually organize a ceremony to honour the spirit
of the village.
The Xinh Mun language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group.
They wear garments that resemble the Thai and Lao.
Xinh Mun grow glutinous rice and corn on burned land and terraced
fields. They also gather, rear animals, hunt, make basketry articles,
and have developed a system of bartering goods.