The Northeastern Zone (Viet Bac)
zone stretches from the Red River Valley to the Gulf of Tonkin. The
mountainous area of Viet Bac is scattered with famous sights: Dong Nhat
Grotto, Dong Nhi Grotto, and Tam Thanh Grotto in Lang Son Province; Pac
Bo Grotto and Ban Gioc Waterfall in Cao Bang; Ba Be Lake in Bac Kan; Yen
Tu Mountain and Halong Bay in Quang Ninh; and Tay Con Linh, the highest
mountain peak in the region reaching 2,341 meters above sea level.
The Northwestern Zone
zone is comprised of mountains that run from the north of the
Sino-Vietnamese border to the west of Thanh Hoa Province. This
magnificent mountain range is nationally known for its resort town of
Sapa in Lao Cai Province, which is perched 1500 meters above sea level.
Several ethnic groups, such as the H'mong, Dao, Kinh, Tay, Giay, Hoa,
and Xa Pho, still reside in this region.
The northwestern zone
is also famous for the historical site of Dien Bien Phu and Fansipan
Mountain, which measures 3,143 meters above sea level at the peak.
The North Truong Son Zone
zone runs from the western part of Thanh Hoa Province to the Quang
Nam-Da Nang Mountains. This region is known locally for its picturesque
Phong Nha Grotto and its two breathtaking passes, the Ngang Pass and the
Hai Van Pass. It is also known worldwide for being the location of the
legendary Ho Chi Minh Trail constructed during the second great
The South Truong Son Zone
zone is located to the west of the south central coast provinces.
Behind these huge mountains is a vast area of red soil known locally as
"Tay Nguyen" (the Central Highlands). There are numerous legendary
accounts of the flora and fauna and of the lives of several different
ethnic minorities living in the Central Highlands. Dalat, established
during the 19th century, is a popular resort town in this part of
Vietnam has two major deltas, including the Red River Delta in the north and the Mekong River Delta in the south.
The Red River Delta, or Northern Delta
region stretches for15,000 sq. km. Over time, deposits of alluvium
carried from the Red River and Thai Binh River have accumulated to form
the delta. The ancient Viet people settled at the junction of the two
rivers . At that time, the wet rice civilization was established
The Mekong River Delta, or Southern Delta
region is approximately 40,000 sq. km. The land is very fertile and has
favorable climate conditions for agriculture. As a result, it is the
largest rice growing region in Vietnam.
Vietnam is crisscrossed
by thousands of streams and rivers. There is a river discharging every
20 kilometers along Vietnam's coastline. The waterways are a very
convenient means of transport with major rivers like the Red River in
the north and the Mekong River in the south.
coastline is 3,260km long. If you have a chance to travel along the
coast of Vietnam, you will be able to enjoy the beautiful beaches of Tra
Co, Sam Son, Lang Co, Non Nuoc, Nha Trang, Vung Tau, and Ha Tien. In
some places, you will see mountains jutting out to the sea. One such
magnificent site is Halong Bay, which has recently been listed as a
World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Vietnam's coast has been awarded a
series of large seaports, such as the ones at Haiphong, Danang, Qui
Nhon, Cam Ranh, Vung Tau, and Saigon. There are thousands of islands and
islets scattered offshore from north to south. Among the most popular
tourist destinations are the Truong Sa and Hoang Sa Archipelagos.
forests of Vietnam account for most of the total land area. National
parks are preserved by the state and follow a steady development plan.
Some of the more famous national parks located throughout the country
include Ba Vi in Ha Tay, Cat Ba in Haiphong, Cuc Phuong in Ninh Binh,
Bach Ma in Hue, and Cat Tien in Dong Nai.